Dust Mitigation Program, Owens Valley, CA. 2017.
The now-dry Owens Lake in the Eastern Sierra was drained when the LA aqueduct was built in 1913 to divert almost all of the valley's water 419 miles to the city of Los Angeles. The Los Angeles Department of Water & Power accomplished this by purchasing extensive land and water rights in the valley, in spite of the protests by farmers and landowners. The dry lakebed created a toxic problem - carcinogenic dust. After litigation in the 1970's, LADWP was forced to mitigate the dust problem, and the permanent sprinkler system was born. The effort is formally known as the Dust Mitigation Program.
Bathtub Ring, Lake Mead. 2016.
The main reservoir containing water diverted from the Colorado River for California, Arizona and Nevada, has reached its lowest point since 1935 when the Hoover Dam was built. The Colorado River has a long history of negotiations over the allocation of water between the The Upper Division states (Colorado, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming) the Lower Division states (Arizona, California, and Nevada), and Mexico
Marble Canyon, AZ. 2016.
The mighty Colorado is controlled upstream by the Glen Canyon Dam, a controversial structure. Dam operators now simulate spring floods by releasing water to help restore sediment in the riverbed. The Grand Canyon Protection Act (Act) of 1992 proposed a process of "adaptive management" by which the effects of dam operations on downstream resources would be monitored and assessed. This formed the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Work Group, or AMWG, to evaluate the dam and the consequences to the environment caused by altering the flow of the river and sediment. Its purpose was to advise the secretary on how to protect the environment according to the law. Unfortunately the 25-member group is unevenly divided between power companies and Colorado River Basin states who vote against environmental groups, natural resource agencies, and Native American tribes concerned about the river's ecological waning health. The effectiveness of the group has been criticised.
Hundred Acre Pond, Mendon Ponds Park, NY. 2015.
Through a series of donations and purchases of private land, Mendon Ponds became a park. Its unique features created by glaciers such as eskers, kames, and kettles can be seen throughout the park. In 1969, the park was saved from development by real estate developers and registered as a Registered Natural Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. The park currently covers more than 2500 acres.
Detroit Lake, OR. 2015.
Detroit Lake is a reservoir formed by the Detroit Dam, built by the The Army Corps of Engineers in 1953. The recent drought in Oregon revealed the stumps of trees that once covered the 3000 acres cleared for the reservoir. The dam is listed as one of the top 10 worst barriers to migrating fish in Oregon. Currently the reservoir is stocked with farm-raised fish due to the disappearance of now-endangered species.
Glen Canyon Dam, AZ. 2016.
Lake Powell, the reservoir created by the Glen Canyon Dam, flooded 186 miles of the then-spectacular Glen Canyon, and with it, submerged over 3,000 ancient ruins, and habitat for countless species of birds, animals, and flora. This area is now referred to "Americas Lost National Park". The hydropower the dam generates is negligible compared to the other power generating stations in the region, amounting to a contribution of just 3%. There is a strong movement to remove the dam and restore the Glen Canyon.
Taal Lake, Philippines. 2016.
This crater lake sits inside a volcano, located inside a freshwater lake south of Manila. The volcano is still active, its most recent eruption occurring in 1977. Locals lead visitors on foot or on horseback to the top of the crater to see the lake and the sulfuric steam rising from the caldera. The Taal Lake basin was designated the Taal Volcano Protected Landscape in 1996. However, in 2002, the crater island narrowly escaped development by a Korean company who secured land permits through questionable means in order to build a spa resort on the island. The "land grab" was later shut down by the protests of local residents.